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Advanced Modules

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See below for a list of Advanced Modules offered at Charité each year

For all Advanced Modules, the application deadline is two weeks before the start of the course. Seats are given at a first come, first serve basis. Late applications may be considered if seats are available. Module-specific eligibility criteria apply!

Designing, Managing and Evaluating Projects for Improving Health: Issues for Donors and Implementers (January 6-17, 2020)

Description:

At the end of the module the student should be able to:

  • Formulate an overall goal and the objectives of the project
  • Design the basic aspects and/or components of a project including the budget and indicators
  • Assess the advantages and shortcomings of project implementation and operations research
  • Appraise the effectiveness and outcomes of monitoring and evaluation processes
  • Evaluate project designs

 

Content:

The course will move through the various stages of designing a project:

  • Setting of Goal and Objectives with special consideration to politically challenging and profit oriented environments
  • Describing the project background as well as developing and communicating the rationale of the project
  • Defining the methodology for implementation and outlining and illustrating the phases/stages of the project
  • Developing a detailed, yet concise and intelligible budget
  • The principles of good project monitoring (benefits and dangers)
  • Development of meaningful indicators, as well as accurate and efficient data collection
  • The concept of Quasi-Experimental Design and its role in assessing the impact of development projectse importance of project evaluation
  • Expectations of donors
  • A site visit to a donor/health project implementing agency

 

Prerequisites:

If not a native speaker: Internationally recognised English proficiency certificate equivalent to a TOEFL score of 550 paper/213 internet/80 online, or IELTS score 6, or DAAD (A or B in all categories). tropEd students need to provide proof of registration as tropEd student at their home institution only. For further exemptions see Postgraduate Study Programme "International Health": Application and Admission.

 

Fees:

  • 875,- Euro for tropEd MScIH students and alumni
  • 1.093,75 Euro for DIPH participants
  • 1.312,50 Euro for Short Course participants

Health Economics and Economic Analysis (January 20-31, 2020)

Description:

Overall objectives:

At the end of the module the student should be able to:

  • critically discuss, exchange and share views about health economics and its use in the decision making process

Specific objectives:

At the end of the module the student should be able to:

  • appraise the different types of economic analysis applied to health and how these analyses are performed
  • appraise the importance of economic considerations when addressing the health system
  • assess how economic analysis can support the decision making process and assess how economic principles can influence health policy
  • evaluate the financial flows in the health system, and appraise the consequences of health financing models for them
  • analyse the limits of economic theory applied to health, and critically appraise economic analysis in health
  • appraise information sources, data used and collected for economic analysis, and how these data are transformed into economic information
  • evaluate economic implications of health policies, programmes and interventions

 

Content:

The course includes the following topics:

  • Revision of basic concepts of economics, health economics, economic analysis in the health sector, and health systems performance
  • Priorities setting in the health system – criteria for efficient resource allocation
  • Principles of health financing and funding

- Tax-based

- Different types of health insurances

- Out-of-pocket

  • Contracting health services
  • Performance based financing
  • Economic analysis in health

- Definition of cost

- Cost minimisation

- Cost-effectiveness

- Cost-utility

- Cost-benefit

  • Taking the real world into account – making things comparable

- Uncertainty

- Discounting

- Weighing

  • Measuring (expected) results

- Outputs, outcomes

- QALYs

- DALYs

  • Generalized cost effectiveness studies
  • Critical appraisal of health economics, using historic and current case studies

 

Prerequisites:

The course is intended for health professionals with experience in the health sector.
If not a native speaker: Internationally recognised English proficiency certificate equivalent to a TOEFL score of 550 paper/213 internet/80 online, or IELTS score 6, or DAAD (A or B in all categories). tropEd students need to provide proof of registration as tropEd student at their home institution only. For further exceptions refer to Postgraduate Study Programme "International Health": Application and Admission.

 

Fees:

  • 750,- Euro for tropEd MScIH students and alumni
  • 937,50 Euro for DIPH participants
  • 1.125,50 Euro for short course participants

Mental Health in a Cross-Cultural Perspective with a Special Focus on Traumatized Populations (February 3-7, 2020)

Description:

On successful completion of the module the student will be able to:

  • Identify and analyse current conceptualization and critiques of the global mental health movement and psychosocial wellbeing approaches with special attention to the implications of these approaches for different stakeholders
  • Critically appraise the evidence for global mental health approaches and psychosocial interventions (with a special focus on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) and demonstrate awareness of existing challenges
  • Draw on theoretical debates and conceptual frameworks in analyzing the role of culture and context in shaping the experience of mental health and wellbeing
  • Critically evaluate current approaches in conflict-affected settings to the prevention and treatment of sexual and gender-based violence
  • Differentiate and assess approached to addressing stigma directed against people with mental illness in post-emergency settings

 

Content:

  • Global Mental Health Movement: its history, aims and approaches. This includes critically analysing some of the theoretical assumptions underlying the GMHM and ist relevance to conflict-affected settings
  • Policy, guidelines and implementation of global mental health (e.g. mhGAP). The implications of GMH practice in relation to available evidence and perspectives from stakeholders will be critically analysed
  • Conceptualising post-traumatic stress disorders and psychosocial wellbeing: theories from psychology, sociology and development studies will be used to investigate how these approaches have been applied in relation to improving wellbeing in resource-poor and humanitarian settings
  • Emergency contexts and humanitarian crises: an analysis of approaches, practice and guidelines in the field as well as challenges faced by agencies seeking to implement these
  • Approaches in conflict-affected settings to the prevention and treatment of sexual and gender-based violence
  • Strategies for addressing stigma directed against people with mental illnesses in post-emergency settings
  • Introduction of debriefing method, case studies and exercises

 

Prerequisites:

Knowledge of unstable populations is helpful but not a precondition.

English proficiency: Internationally recognised English proficiency certificate equivalent to a TOEFL score of 550 paper/213 internet/80 online, or IELTS score 6, or DAAD (A or B in all categories). tropEd students need to provide proof of registration as tropEd student at their home institution only. For further exemptions see Postgraduate Study Programme "International Health": Application and Admission.

 

Fees:

  • 500,- Euro for tropEd MScIH students and alumni
  • 750,- Euro for all others

Parasitology in International Health (February 10-14, 2020)

Description:

At the end of the module students should be able to:

  • Appraise the value of diagnostic parasitology and entomology in theory and practice (microscopy)
  • Perform parasitological and entomological diagnostics
  • Assess past and present efforts for control or eradication of parasitic diseases, including vector control

 

Content:

This module builds on core course teaching. We recommend the following textbook:
Eddleston M, Davidson R, Brent A, Wilkinson R, 2008. Oxford handbook of tropical medicine: Oxford University Press. 843 p.

This module will address aspects not yet covered in the core course of the following issues:

  • Laboratory exercises (microscopy): helminths, malaria, other protozoa
  • Serology in parasitology
  • Medical entomology
  • Disease control and eradication: E.g. soil transmitted helminths, malaria, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, dracunculiasis

 

Prerequisites:

Basic parasitological and entomological knowledge, as can be acquired in the MScIH core course.

If not a native speaker: Internationally recognised English proficiency certificate equivalent to a TOEFL score of 550/213/80 or IELTS score 6. tropEd students need to provide proof of registration as tropEd student at their home institution only. For further exceptions refer to Postgraduate Study Programme "International Health": Application and Admission.

 

Fees:

  • 375,- Euro for tropEd MScIH students and alumni
  • 468,75 Euro for DTMPH participants
  • 562,50 Euro for Short Course participants

Clinical Management of Tropical Diseases with optional supplement: Occupational Medicine in International Health (Februar 17 - March 4, 2020)

Description:

By the end of the CMTD course, students should be able to:

  • analyse and differentiate the clinical presentations of major infectious diseases
  • critically differentiate potential diagnoses of common infectious diseases
  • identify sensitive and realistic therapeutic approaches with regard to locally varying demands and possibilities
  • apply evidence-based algorithms for diagnostic work-up and treatment in resource-poor settings

By the end of the OMIH supplement, students should be able to:

  • appraise the health hazards expatriates may face when working in LMIC
  • appraise the legal basis of occupational health in the context of working in LMIC

 

Content:

Based on the knowledge provided in the core course, the CMTD advanced module focuses on the applied differential diagnosis and case management of important diseases in resource-poor settings. The concept is to focus on the syndrome rather than on the pathogen/specific disease and to analyze potential causes and management options.

I. Major infections in resource poor settings:

  1. Bacterial infections: tuberculosis, leprosy, typhoid fever, paratyphoid, cholera, meningococcal disease, rickettsial diseses, relapsing fevers, Q-fever, leptospirosis, melioidosis and brucellosis
  2. Viral Infections: HIV/AIDS, Dengue-fever and DHF, Yellow-fever, Japanese encephalitis, viral hemorrhagic fevers and arthropode-borne viral infections, rabies
  3. Protozoal infections: malaria, leishmaniasis, African and American trypanosomiasis, toxoplasmosis, amoebiasis, giardiasis and other gut protozoal infections
  4. Helminth infections: Nematode, trematode and cestode infections and Filariases

II. Differential diagnoses:

Case studies and group exercises, following an inclusive syndrome-wise work-up, and applying pre-formed diagnostic algorithms: DDs of fever, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, skin changes and neurological presentations are discussed.

III. Treatment options:

Case studies, group discussions, syndrome-wise work-up, and pre-formed therapeutic algorithms are used to appraise the treatment options for infectious diseases in respect to costs and settings.

In addition, the OMIH supplement offers knowledge and understanding of occupational health issues for expatriates working in LMIC settings. These issues include but are not limited to:

  1. The legal basis of occupational health in the context of German employees working in LMIC
  2. General principles of occupational health working methods
  3. Major occupational health hazards in LMIC
  4. Health promotion and prevention of occupational diseases in LMIC
  5. Occupational health issues for special professions (health professionals, disaster relief workers) or individuals with pre-existing morbidity
  6. Mental health of expatriates working in LMIC

 

Prerequisites:

Medical degree (qualification as physician) and successful completion of the Charité core course of the MScIH programme, or medical degree and professional experience in the field of infectious diseases and tropical medicine. Registered nurses, clinical officers etc. with experience in providing curative patient care may apply for a special permission to be admitted.

If not a native speaker: Internationally recognised English proficiency certificate equivalent to a TOEFL score of 550 paper/213 internet/80 online, or IELTS score 6, or DAAD (A or B in all categories). tropEd students need to provide proof of registration as tropEd student at their home institution only. For further exemptions see Postgraduate Study Programme "International Health": Application and Admission.

 

Fees:

CMTD module:

  • 750,- Euro for tropEd MScIH students and alumni
  • 937,50 Euro for DTMPH participants
  • 1.125,- Euro for short course participants

OMIH supplement:

  • 125,- Euro for tropEd MScIH students and alumni
  • 156,25 Euro for DTMPH participants
  • 187,50 Euro for short course participants

Advanced Statistical Methods in Epidemiology (March 16 - April 3, 2020)

Description:

At the end of the module, students will be able to:

  • Appraise the different alternative explanations to causality, and propose ways to address them; evaluate the presence of effect modification, and propose ways to interpret and report it
  • Appraise the role of multivariable regression techniques to predict an outcome depending on several exposure variables, to assess interaction and control confounding
  • Appraise why data from matched case control studies and from cluster surveys require special analysis techniques and demonstrate how to use them
  • Propose an appropriate modelling strategy to select variables, identify interaction and linear trends, and relate results from multivariable analysis to those from table-based techniques
  • Appraise how results from regression analysis are presented and discussed in the scientific literature
  • Perform multivariable linear and (unconditional and conditional) logistic regression analyses using the statistical software package STATA, and interpret their results

 

Content:

  • Review: Measures of disease frequency and strength of association; inference; study designs; causality and its alternatives: random error, bias, confounding (inflation and masking), reverse causality; interaction (synergistic and antagonistic); data management with STATA; stratified analysis with STATA
  • Analysis of cluster survey data
  • Simple and multivariable linear regression
  • Matching in case-control studies, analysis of matched data
  • Unconditional and conditional logistic regression
  • Model selection and variable selection
  • Role of regression techniques in data analysis
  • Role of regression techniques in scientific publications
  • Outlook on further regression methods (regression models for count data, regression models for survival time data)

NB: The focus of the module is on linear, and even more on logistic regression.

 

Prerequisites:

  • Participants are required to have solid knowledge in epidemiology and biostatistics (including confounding, interaction, and stratified analysis), and should be interested in theory and practice of epidemiology
  • If not a native speaker: Internationally recognised English proficiency certificate equivalent to a TOEFL score of 550 paper/213 internet/80 online, or IELTS score 6, or DAAD (A or B in all categories)
  • tropEd students need to provide proof of registration as tropEd student at their home institution only.

 

Fees:

  • 1.125,- Euro for tropEd MScIH students and alumni
  • 1.687,50 Euro for all others
  • Possibly 50,- to 200,- Euro for STATA licence or laptop rent

Community Oriented Primary Care (April 20-30, 2020)

Description:

At the end of the module the student should be able to:

  1. Propose an intervention/ programme/ service for a common health problem, disease or condition for a community health team
  2. Discuss and debate interventions/ programmes/ services rendered by a community health team for common health problems, diseases or conditions
  3. Explain the principles of Community Oriented Primary Care (COPC)
  4. Describe the role and function of a community health team (“outreach team”)

 

Content: (hours of duration in parentheses)

  • Introduction, Expectations & Course outline (1slot)
  • History of COPC (1). The origins of Community Oriented Primary Care (COPC) with an emphasis on South Africa; How COPC evolved in other parts of the world; Influence of COPC on PHC/Alma Ata; The development of Community Health Worker (CHW) programmes and COPC in recent years
  • The health team (HT) (4). The composition of a HT (“outreach team”); Definitions of “community”; the role of a HT in the health system and the community; the role and mandate of the members of the HT;
  • Implementation of COPC (2). 10 steps of implementing COPC (based on the South African experience)
  • Principles of COPC (Marcus, 2013) - Information (3). The role of information about (i) the community (e.g. local demographic differences and implications on health services), (ii) the household (i.e. socioeconomic context and risk factors at household level) and (iii) the individuals (i.e. individual demographic and health related information and risk factors) in order to provide services that are equitable, comprehensive, information/evidence based and person centered; Information management (e.g. data collection; e-/m-health solutions in COPC; access to information; confidentiality; data safety; personalised and aggregated data); M&E; reporting.
  • Principles of COPC - Equity (1) Definitions of Equality and Equity (Whitehead, 1992); Health disparity (referring to the concept of social determinants of health)
  • Principles of COPC - Comprehensive Care (3). The spectrum of health care from promotion, prevention, treatment and care, rehabilitation and palliation; prevention concepts (primary, secondary, tertiary); screening strategies (opportunistic/ systematic); high risk based (individual) prevention and population based prevention (Rose, 1985);
  • Principles of COPC – Practice with Science (2). Emphasising principles of diagnostic & screening research (Sackett & Haynes, 2002); limits of diagnostics & screening; the role of research in COPC; “big data”-approach (Krumholz, 2014)
  • Principles of COPC - Person centered care (1). Opportunities and limitations of personalised care (evidence/algorithm based care); Person centered care (holistic approach) (Ekman et al. 2011)
  • The household assessment (2). Definition of “household”. Opportunities and challenges assessing common variables of a household (e.g. composition; dependency; relation of members; “vulnerability”; headship; dwelling type, access to water/ electricity/ sanitation etc.; exposure to air/ water/ land/ pest/ noise pollution; income etc.)
  • Health status assessment and community based interventions (total 21): The potential of COPC, especially when combined with e-/m-health solutions is not yet uncovered in most health systems. One of many reasons is that COPC differs conceptually from the “traditional” (facility based) approach in health care: COPC is focussed on health (instead of disease), health promotion and prevention (instead of treatment) and it pro-actively approaches people in their communities and homes (instead of providing demand driven services in a health facility). Thus the challenges as well as the opportunities of a health team dealing with common health problems, disease or conditions in the community/ the home of the person differ from the ones health professionals face in a clinic or hospital setting. The sessions in this block will introduce to programmes/ interventions/ services a HT could offer addressing nine common fields (see below). A few specific health problems, disease or conditions in each will be chosen for deeper learning: Through interactive lectures and guided small group work the students will develop and debate programmes/ interventions/ services a HT could provide for the selected health problems, disease or conditions taking the role and function of a health team and the principles of COPC into consideration:
  • General Health & Lifestyle (2): Functionality, sensory, body mass, nutrition, exercising, smoking etc.
  • Child health (3): Child development, infant feeding, Vitamin A, immunization, deworming
  • HIV (2): Education, prevention/ community based testing, treatment support, “90-90-90” strategy
  • TB (2): Education, prevention/ community based screening, treatment support, “90-90-90” strategy
  • Reproductive Health (3): Ante-, post- and neonatal care, sexual health/STI, “men’s health”, contraception use, family planning, adolescent health
  • Chronic/ Non-communicable diseases (3): Education, prevention/screening, “5C” approach (clinical symptoms, control and monitoring of disease, care and treatment, compliance to treatment, complications) concept; examples: art. hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic lung diseases etc.
  • Mental health (3): Education/ prevention/ screening, examples: dementia, depression, psychiatric disorders
  • Cancer (2): Examples: cervix, breast, prostate, colon cancer
  • Physical & Sexual assault (1): Education, prevention/screening
  • Group work (total 13):Introduction of the topic (1 slot) The session includes the formation of the groups and the decision about the topic/ setting each group will work on. The students will receive a checklist about what is expected to be covered in the proposal/ presentation and how it will be evaluated. Practice (12 slots) The groups will work independently but under the supervision/ facilitation of the module coordinator.
  • Exam (2): Written exam
  • Presentation (3): The groups will present their work to their peers, and the two examiners.
  • Reflection & Closeout (1): Reflections; Closeout
  • Self-directed learning (30): Students are expected to reinforce learning contents through self-directed learning (e.g. reading, discussions etc.)

 

Prerequisites:

  • Successful completion of the core course (basic knowledge about PHC and health systems in LMIC, good understanding of primary care principles, good understanding of common health problems in LMIC, ability to critically review and appraise literature/ guidelines, basic project management and planning skills).
  • No further or specific subject areas have to be completed before the module can be started.
  • If not a native English speaker: Internationally recognised English proficiency certificate equivalent to a TOEFL score of 550 paper/213 internet/80 online, or IELTS score 6, or DAAD (A or B in all categories).
  • TropEd students need to provide proof of registration as tropEd student at their home institution only.

 

Fees:

  • 750,- Euro TropEd MScIH students and alumni
  • 937,50 Euro DIPH and DTMPH alumni
  • 1.125,- Euro all others

Substance and Alcohol Use Disorder: Clinical, Social and Political challenges (May 11-22, 2020)

Description:

At the end of the module the student should be able to:

  • Explain the aetiology as well as intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors contributing to substance and alcohol use disorders (SAUD)
  • Discuss treatment and comprehensive care options for people who use drugs
  • Describe the epidemiology of SUD/AUD at a global level and for selected countries exemplary at national and/or regional level
  • Discuss the broader health, societal and economic impact of SUD/AUD globally and in different countries and regions
  • Debate health policies for (and against) people who use drugs at a global level and for selected countries exemplary at nation/region level
  • Propose a strategy for a country or region of choice to improve the response to SUD/AUD

 

Content:

  • The current understanding of reward deficiency syndrome, SUD and AUD
  • SUD/AUD and psychiatric comorbidities
  • SUD/AUD and somatic comorbidities
  • Treatment and care approaches to SUD/AUD
  • Epidemiology and societal and economic impact of SUD/AUD
  • The “war on drugs” and evidence based policies
  • Community empowerment of the marginalised
  • "Meet the expert: people who use drugs”. Here the students get the opportunity to meet people who use drugs with different backgrounds and histories for in-depth conversations/interviews
  • Guided field visits in pairs/small groups to various service and care providers for people who use drugs in Berlin

 

Pre-requisites:

If not a native speaker: Internationally recognised English proficiency certificate equivalent to a TOEFL score of 550 paper/213 internet/80 online, or IELTS score 6, or DAAD (A or B in all categories). tropEd students need to provide proof of registration as tropEd student at their home institution only. For further exemptions see Postgraduate Study Programme "International Health": Application and Admission.

 

Remarks:

Credit points: 2 ECTS.

Participants might get in contact with people living with SUD/AUD inside and outside therapeutic programs. A non-judgmental and respectful approach to people living with AUD/SUD is therefore required.

Participants pledge themselves to the principles of medical confidentiality whenever there is contact to people living with SUD/AUD.

Preparatory reading is not required.

 

Fees:

  • 500,- Euro for tropEd MScIH students and alumni
  • 625,- Euro Euro for DIPH and DTMPH students
  • 750,- Euro for Short Course participants and others

Biomedical Manuscript Writing and Literature Review (May 25-29, 2020)

Description:
This module aims at training students in scientific writing and biomedical publishing. At the end of the module the student should be able to:

  • demonstrate how to review the literature (how to identify and critically appraise relevant articles)
  • demonstrate how to avoid plagiarism
  • appropriately summarize, paraphrase and reference research content

 

Content:
The module is designed to equip students with knowledge about the basics of biomedical manuscript writing, to enable them with the practical skills to review the literature and to train them how to avoid scientific misconduct. Students are requested to bring their own research question.
Theoretical part (Day 1-5):

 

I. Systematic literature review

  • Definition of research question/eligibility criteria
  • Development of search strategy
  • Title/abstract/full text screening
  • Data extraction/quality assessment
  • Synthesis of results/meta-analysis

II. Scientific misconduct

  • Forms of scientific misconduct (fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, …)
  • Motivation to commit scientific misconduct
  • Responsibility (author, institutions, journals)

III. Scientific writing

  • How to avoid plagiarism, fabrication and falsification?
  • Paraphrasing, Summarizing, Referencing
  • Style
  • Good and bad practice examples

IV. Critical appraisal

  • Guidelines to strengthen the reporting (STROBE, PRISMA, CONSORT, …)
  • Checklists for different study designs

V. Biomedical publishing

  • Journal landscape and selection
  • Publication impact assessment (Impact factors, H-index)
  • Authorship
  • Submission/review process

 

Prerequisites:

  • Successful completion of the core course.
  • English TOEFL test 550 or 213 computer-based or 79/80 internet-based or IELTS band 6.0.
  • The students are requested to install the reference manager software “Endnote” on their private notebooks and to watch the “Pubmed” and “Mesh terms” tutorials on “pubmed.gov” website.
  • In addition, they need to select a research topic and define a research question before the start of the course (this will be communicated to the students in detail when they receive confirmation of participation)

 

Fees:

  • 500,- Euro TropEd MScIH students and alumni
  • 625,- Euro DIPH and DTMPH alumni
  • 750,- Euro Other students (e.g. short course students)

Global Oncology: Clinical, social and political challenges (June 8-12, 2020)

Detailed information about this course will be available soon.

Application form for advanced modules

Application for the 2020 advanced modules will open mid-September. DTMPH and DIPH participants do not need to apply for the courses entailed in the diploma programmes.